How to Write Poetry

People usually write poetry at times of great insight, emotion, or need. Poetry is a form of writing in which words are used to express an idea with rhythmic and aesthetic qualities of language.

Ways of Writing Poetry

  1. Find inspiration. You can write all the words that come to mind while thinking of an idea. Try to express your feelings and emotions with words. Gather the poems you like. Read and listen to poetry of poets you admire.
  2. Understand the purpose of your poetry. This will help you to achieve the appropriate effect of reading your poem.
  3. Choose the words carefully. Think of the words you use in your poem. Try to pick words that fit together perfectly and enhance the meaning of the poem.
  4. Use vivid descriptions and concrete imagery. Appeal to the senses to help the reader become immersed in the poem.
  5. Use poetic devices to enhance the meaning of your poem and its beauty. Poetic devices include rhyme, metaphor, meter, assonance, repetition, alliteration and more.
  6. Write your most powerful message at the end of the poem. The last words usually evoke an emotional response and engages readers to their fullest.
  7. Read your poetry aloud and listen to how it sounds. Check the rhythm, rhyme and the overall sound of the poem.
  8. Edit your work. Check the word choice, cut unnecessary words and replace lines that aren’t working together.
  9. Share your poetry. Ask your friends or family to read and critique your poem. Try to filter their responses according to your vision of work.

Structure of Poetry

Poetry is structured with poetic lines. The length of the line and the line breaks are defined by the author. If you decided to write a poetry with a standard form, the line length will be restricted by rules of the form. Then you need to fit the sentences and ideas of the poem over the lines. But if you are writing a poem in free verse, you have more decisions to make than writing in a traditional form. You can choose the length of lines and vary them. You can place the lines in graphical form. The length of the poetic lines and the line breaks can affect many aspects of the reader’s experience:

  • The sound of the poetry – The reader will make pauses at the end of each line.
  • The speed of reading – The way people read the poem can be changed with the length of lines.
  • How the poem looks on the page – The lines may be placed together or with a lot of space between lines.
  • Emphasis – Words at the end of a line are more important than words in the middle.
    In poetry, lines are grouped into stanzas and are often used to organize ideas.

Recommendations on How to Write Good Poetry

  1. Discover the world of poetry. Read a lot of poetry books and meet other poets. Attend workshops and writing classes. Ask a mentor to guide you.
  2. Find beauty in any moment of life. Increase your sensitivity to your surroundings and to the language you use.
  3. Think differently. Keep your mind and eyes open to new ways and directions. Inspiration may come at any time, and your task is to increase the chances to meet it.
  4. Make time to write. The more you write, the better poems you will create. Find out your own style of writing poems. Rewrite the poem again to make it sound perfect. Don’t use clichés and plagiarism.
  5. Keep a journal for ideas, subjects and drafts of poems, poetry of other people or anything that inspires you.

Remember, the more poetry you write and read, the more instinctive and natural the process of writing becomes. Learn to write poetry from our guide and look for inspiration everywhere!

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