How to Write a Dissertation
A dissertation is always a qualifed paper. It is not necessary to make a breakthrough, but sometimes this concept of a qualified paper is somehow simplified. It is believed that if you include a few formulas or write 150 pages of arguments, a qualified paper is ready and you can protect it. However, this is not true. In any case, a dissertation must contain at least a new look at some well-known statements of problems or some new solutions. Let’s find out how to write a dissertation that will be successful.
Tips for Dissertation Writing
Every dissertation is one, two or even more tasks. The question is: who should set goals, and how? This is a crucial question. Graduates and masters know how to set goals, it is a rather standard thing, so you shouldn’t worry about this. The ability to set goals always comes with experience. In order to be good at setting goals, you have to work hard. Therefore, we are faced with two problems: the choice of the supervisor and the choice of the dissertation writing topic.
The Choice of the Supervisor
If you are not self-sufficient, never choose supervisors who do not have time to work with you. It is necessary to choose the supervisors who have the time, opportunity, and interest in you and your work. Post-graduates or master’s degree holders, which started up without proper dissertation writing help, are in a very bad situation, precisely because they do not know how to set goals.
Now let’s talk about the problems. There are problems, goals, and good intentions; it is necessary to distinguish them clearly. In science, there are no areas or branches of knowledge. There are unresolved issues and the need to solve them.
What is the problem in this situation? It must be clearly defined what is given and what we are going to get, and more than that, we should know the common ways to solve it and what we use to accomplish that. That is, the problem is always concrete, like in the school curriculum. You solve the problem and get something in return.
As we’ve already mentioned, there are problems, goals, and good intentions. The good intention has no solution. You can give such task to a graduate student and send him to work for forty years, and he will come without a solution all the same.
The Choice of the Dissertation Topic
Topics for graduate students should be clear with understanding how to deal with them. On the other hand, there is a great danger – graduate students try to choose such narrow topics in which the process would seem to be easier. We want to warn you: every dissertation is about spending some intellectual and physical resources. Don’t spend time on a dissertation, which will become obsolete sooner than you can protect it. Don’t spend time on a dissertation, which will be forgotten in several months. When you are writing a dissertation, it should be worth the effort.
The paper must have a fundamental element to it, so do not make just technical work with frame values and frame parameters, for example, the computer counts everything, so get some conclusions. You see, there must be a new approach to the problem. It is not necessary to make a breakthrough in science, but at least something new must be new. A solidity is achieved very simply – you need a model even if it is quite unpretentious, but there should definitely be a model.
Solving problems is always time-consuming. Graduate students often have no time for science either, because they need days off. You are making an investment in yourself today. If you don’t have these days, and then try to write a dissertation, nothing good comes out of it.
A dissertation is a view of the problem, and a review of the dissertation is not just a list of works. The survey, which simply includes other people’s work, will not be interesting to anyone. In the review, known facts should be refracted by your ideas and your results. Let’s consider the analogy. If scientific achievements in any area are compared to a building, then just a consistent description of published works can be compared with the sequential description of bricks. A good overview shows the entire building from some perspective. This angle is determined by your model.
The name should reflect what you write in the dissertation. A name like “Investigation of …” is meaningless. You can not start a dissertation with the word “research”, because every dissertation is research.
Dissertations can contain the solution of several problems. Dissertations are good when they consist of four chapters, and each chapter is written on a different topic. It shows a person’s qualifications in various fields, naturally paired.
Annotations and introductions should be very clear and well-structured. There should be a clear and concise description of what you have done and the place of your problem in the class of problems to which it relates. The person reading your text should understand where your dissertation fits. The same applies to articles.
The introduction should contain a brief justification of why your work is interesting. This is what is called relevance. You know that there are standard requirements of dissertation writing and the word “relevance” must be present there. A review of the literature can be scattered throughout the chapters, but usually a dissertation contains a review in the first chapter. It is better when each chapter has an introduction, conclusion and review of the literature.
But all this is individual and depends on you and your supervisor. The results are usually listed in the conclusion. There is no need to waste time on trifles. If you’ve received thirty small results, do not write about all thirty, write about the three but write powerfully about what you actually achieved. You have a good style if you write about the unsolved problems in the conclusion; it shows the author’s culture.
Steps in Writing a Dissertation
1) The proposal. Often writing a proposal is not a requirement, but it can be a helpful exercise. Narrow down choices of the topic and be prepared for formal research. At this stage, you need to get approvals of your topic and plan from your supervisor.
2) Research. Collect all the necessary data for your dissertation writing. Try to be in contact with your supervisor in order to make sure you do everything right. Use a library and the Internet as your helpers.
3) Writing. After you complete your research, it is high time to start writing a dissertation. Your dissertation should include such parts as an outline, literature review that supports your research, data collection and analysis, evaluation of your results, and a conclusion. It is important to use the proper citiations in your work.
4) Proofreading. It is an important step, because your dissertation may get a low grade if it has any mistakes. To have the best results, ask somebody else to read your dissertation through. It is quite reasonable, as your eyes can’t catch all of your mistakes.
How to Avoid Mistakes While Writing a Dissertation
There are some things that you should avoid to get a successful dissertation:
- Selecting a topic that is not interesting to you
- Procrastinating and putting off your work
- Forgetting about the schedule and missing the deadlines
- Forgetting about organizing notes and research materials
- Forgetting about meeting with your supervisor
- Using too many quotes or citations, or their inappropriate usage
- Forgetting about proofreading and editing
If you make one of this mistakes, you will probably not have a successful paper. The main thing for you is to stay focused and keep working towards the goal of finishing a high-quality paper. Don’t let losing sight happen to you!
How to Choose Dissertation Topics
Waiting for inspiration is not the best approach while selecting a topic. Topics for dissertation can’t appear mystically. Some students try to find a topic that fits already-gathered data. But this approach will not work, and will most likely irritate your supervisor.
Your choice of topic will determine how long you will be completing your study. Has your topic been researched properly? Is it really worth your investigation? Is it absolutely original? To answer these questions, immerse yourself in the literature base. Try to find a topic that will touch various studies.
Some students think that great topic ideas come from inspirational moments. But the most effective step to select a topic is to become steeped in the relevant literature and to engage in discussion with your supervisor.
Usually, a student considers three to five topics before choosing the one. When you are selecting a topic, think what excites you. What career goals could be enhanced by studying a particular topic? A good advice is to listen to your faculty members’ suggestions about potential topics. Professional journals are good for finding fresh topics. Also, don’t be shy to ask librarians to help you in searching some topics. Make a list of keywords that will help you in your research. Such research will show whether the topic is possible to be disclosed, or if you will have nothing to say about it.