How to Write a Critical Essay

A critical essay is type of essay which is aimed to evaluate and analyze facts that pertain to theories events and other information in order to get a better understanding. Critical in itself does not mean only seeing the negative aspects of the subject of analysis. When you are writing a critical essay, there is a need to indicate positive aspects as well.
A critical essay is a good tool for developing students’ ability to analyze and see issues from different points of view, because it is oriented on a thorough analysis of the topic, not just on presenting the author’s opinion.

Write a Critical Essay in Several Steps

  1. The first stage of writing a critical essay is presenting your topic. Think of the main idea you want your readers to remember and write it down in your thesis statement. In your introductory paragraph, you are free to indicate the way you are going to analyze the issue of your essay.
  2. When writing your body paragraphs, concentrate on analysis. This means you have to look at your topic from several perspectives, see its weaknesses and strength. Write 3 to 5 paragraphs to provide enough supportive arguments for your thesis.
  3. Write down your conclusion. Restate your thesis statement and sum up all your ideas in 2-3 sentences.
  4. Complete your analysis by checking your work several times. Ask yourself whether your main thoughts are presented in your essay. If not, add lacking details. Also it is important to correct all spelling and syntactical mistakes: there’s no doubt that people do not like reading texts full of mistakes. If you leave technical errors in your essay, your readers are liable to take you less seriously.

Useful Tips for Critical Essay Writing

  • The first tip is to remember that critical essays are always informative. You have to present as much information as you can to allow your readers make their own judgments and, at the same time, prepare them for a proper understanding of your own thoughts.
  • Try to be objective when doing your evaluation. Of course, everyone has their own feelings, but you have to put them aside, at least for a while – leave them for the last part of your essay.
  • Also keep in mind that criticism is not about attacking the subject of your essay from different sides – it only means you have to use your critical thinking in your analysis.
  • And finally, make sure your essay is well-organized. Each paragraph should present its own thought (except the first and the last ones, of course). Your audience should not find it hard to follow your thoughts while reading your essay. For this reason, it is recommended to take a little break after you complete your writing and then read it as if you’re a reader.

Now you know the main rules and tips for critical essay writing. To have a clearer understanding how a critical essay should be written, check our critical essay examples.

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